105°E / 18°N 105°E / 18; 105

Laos (pronounced /ˈlɑː.oʊs/ (deprecatit template), /ˈlaʊ/, or /ˈleɪ.ɒs/), offeecially the Lao Fowkdemocratic Republic, is a landlocked kintra in Sootheast Asie, bordered bi Burma an Fowkrepublic o Cheenae tae the northwast, Vietnam tae the east, Cambodie tae the sooth an Thailand tae the wast.

Lao Fowk's Democratic Republic

  • ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ (Lao)
  • Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao
Motto: ສັນຕິພາບ ເອກະລາດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ເອກະພາບ ວັດທະນາຖາວອນ
(Scots: "Peace, unthirldom, democracy, unity an prosperity")
Anthem"Pheng Xat Lao"
(Inglis: "Lao Naitional Anthem")
Location o  Laos  (green) in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Laos  (green)

in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

and largest city
17°58′N 102°36′E / 17.967°N 102.600°E / 17.967; 102.600
Offeecial leidsLao
Spoken leids
Ethnic groups
  • 53.2% Lao
  • 11% Khmu
  • 9.2% Hmong
  • 3.4% Phouthay
  • 3.1% Tai
  • 2.5% Makong
  • 2.2% Katang
  • 2.0% Lue
  • 1.8% Akha
  • 11.6% ithera
Buddhism 64.7%
Laotian fowk releegion 31.4%
Christianity 1.7%
Islam 0.8%
Ither 1.3%
GovrenmentUnitar Marxist-Leninist ane-pairty socialist republic
• General Secretary o the Lao People's Revolutionary Party and Preses
Thongloun Sisoulith
• Prime Meenister
Phankham Viphavanh
• Party Standing Secretary and Vice Preses
Bounthong Chitmany
• Vice Preses
Pany Yathotou
• Preses o the Naitional Assemmly
Saysomphone Phomvihane
LegislaturNaitional Assemmly
• Kinrick o Lan Xang
• Faw o Lan Xang, Kinrick o Luang Phrabang, Kinrick o Vientiane, Kinrick o Champasak an Principality o Phuan
• Vassal o Thonburi an Siam
• War o Succession
• French Indocheenae
• Unthirldom frae Fraunce
19 Julie 1949
• Declared Independence
22 October 1953
• Laotian ceevil war
9 November 1953 – 2 December 1975
• Lao Monarchy abolished
2 December 1975
• Current constitution
14 August 1991
• ASEAN Declaration
23 Julie 1997
• Total
237,955 km2 (91,875 sq mi) (82nt)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
6,758,353[2] (104t)
• 2015 census
• Density
26.7/km2 (69.2/sq mi) (177t)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$44.639 billion[4]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Tot
$14.971 billion[4]
• Per capita
Gini (2008)36.7[5]
HDI (2015)Increase 0.586[6]
medium · 138th
CurrencyKip (LAK)
Time zoneICT
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drivin sideright
Cawin code+856
ISO 3166 codeLA
  1. Includin ower 100 smawer ethnic groups.
Territorial Organization

Laos traces its history tae the Kinrick o Lan Xang or Land o a Million Elephants, which existit frae the 14t tae the 18t century. Efter a period as a French protectorate, it gained unthirldom in 1949. A lang ceevil war endit offeecially when the Communist Pathet Lao movement came tae pouer in 1975.The offeecial leid is Lao. Maist fowk are Buddhist wi a significant proportion o indigenous releegion as well. It is a member o the Association o Sootheast Asian Naitions (ASEAN), East Asie Summit an La Francophonie.


In the Lao leid, the kintra's name is "Meuang Lao (ເມືອງລາວ)" which literally means "Lao Kintra." The French, who unitit the three separate Lao kinricks in French Indocheenae in 1893, spelled it wi a final silent "s," tae signify the unity o multiple Lao kinricks, hyne "Laos". The Lao leid itsel haes nae final "s" soond, sae Lao fowk pronoonce it as in thair native tongue tho some, especially thae livin abroad, uise the pronunciation endin in "s".

Administrative diveesions

Province map

Laos is dividit intae 16 provinces (qwang) an ane prefecture (Nakhonluang ViengChan) which includes Vientiane Caipital (Na Kone Luang Vientiane).Provinces are faur dividit intae districts (muang) an then veelages (baan). An 'urban' veelage is essentially a toun.[7]